25 Aug

Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy: Volume 2

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There is an obligation to see that greater evils do not arise out of the war than the war would avert. Luther argues that this account of morality completely misses the mark: �Then there is [Aristotle�s book] the Ethics, which is accounted one of the best, though no book is more directly contrary to God�s will and the Christian virtues. If we recall that Philo-sophia literally means ‘the Love of Wisdom’ and that the Ancient Greek word for wisdom here is the word ‘sophia’ – which is feminine – we see the idea that perhaps wisdom is akin to the intuition.

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25 Aug

Augustine: A Guide for the Perplexed (Guides for the

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God is omnipotent and so he could not be imagined to be limited by pre-existing matter........ ....... the turning away from God............................................................... and so even the evil must be good in its way......... The economy prospered, trade was brisk, intellectual life sparkled, and the arts flourished. Ibn Sina wrote that children should be sent to a maktab school from the age of 6 and be taught primary education until they reach the age of 14.

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24 Aug

Paul: Logica Magna Pt 1 Fasc.7 (Classical and Medieval Logic

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Not only was non-human nature seen to be reliable, but human nature (within limits) could be counted on. The happiness, however, of which man is capable is twofold, namely, natural, which is attainable by man's natural powers, and supernatural, which exceeds the capacity of unaided human nature. He was not bound and compelled but rather his love inclined him to create. Judah Halevi is against philosophy as a way of life, but he is not against philosophic speculations altogether.

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24 Aug

Debates in Medieval Philosophy: Essential Readings and

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This had a huge impact for psychology; the idea that we were no different from animals meant that examining animal traits could be beneficial to learning about the human mind. He works mostly in the philosophy of language, but his research interests extend to issues in the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, formal epistemology, and linguistics. Born near London, Ockham joined the Franciscan monastic order at an early age. In this article I will describe the most important sources of medieval political ideas and the work of some of the most interesting writers.

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24 Aug

History of Philosophy: From Thales to the Present Time (2

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All these sources are, for Schweid, "Torah," and Judaism is, in one word, Torah. Philosophy, for Thomas Aquinas, was a natural type of knowledge open to all men who wanted to understand the meaning of ordinary experiences. b. They had in common a respect for the great writers of old, such as the Fathers of the Church, Aristotle, Plato, Boethius, Pseudo-Dionysius, and Avicenna. She is a professor in the psychology department and works on problems of causal knowledge and learning, intuitive theory formation, and “theory of mind.” Her work explores the relation between empirical work in cognitive development and classical philosophical problems in epistemology and philosophy of mind.

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24 Aug

Descartes Savant

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Grading: Your grade will be based upon three tests given during the course of the semester, combined score on 10 critical thinking writing exercises, your contributions to class discussion, and a final exam. Whittingham, Martin, Al-Ghazâlî and the Qurân: One Book, Many Meanings. Shihadeh, Ayman, “Avicenna’s Corporeal Form and Proof of Prime Matter in Twelfth-Century Critical Philosophy: Abû al-Barakât, al-Mas’ûdî and al-Râzî,” Oriens, 42.3-4 (2014): 364-96.

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24 Aug

Commentary on Aristotle's Politics

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The first dialogue discusses the relation between love and desire; the second the universality of love; and the third, which provides the longest and most sustained philosophical discussion, the origin of love. Crone, Patricia, “Al-Jâhiz on Ashâb al-Jahâlât and the Jahmiyya,” in Medieval Arabic Thought, pp. 27-39. “The Precious Pearl (from al-Durrah al-fâkhirah),” intro. by M. Corresponding to the two realms there are two forms of religion: the religion of nature, which considers the world as containing divine forces or which identifies nature with God; the religion of the spirit, which considers God as transcendent.

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24 Aug

Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy, Volume 4

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For (philosophy) it is which is the material of the world's wisdom, the rash interpreter of the nature and the dispensation of God. The Analysis school subscribes to a metaphysical dualism (the claim that two types of things ultimately exist) of individual souls and nature. There were still some pockets of Greek literacy, especially around such figures as Isidore of Seville and the Venerable Bede, preserving and transmitting ideas of ancient learning, but making little impact on medieval philosophical thought.

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23 Aug

Aquinas's Disputed Questions on Evil: A Critical Guide

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The extremely long time away from home it could take to gain a degree, the need for funds or benefices to pay the fees and, probably, sheer boredom, meant the drop out rate was very high, with only a low proportion of students even completing a degree, let alone a doctorate in law, theology or medicine. Attempts to Christianize Epicureanism were inevitable. a. The book is a frontal assault on the foundations of Peripatetic philosophy, accompanied by a proposal for replacing Aristotelianism with a system more faithful to nature and experience.

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23 Aug

Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy: Philosophy between 500

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How does Ockham�s razor apply to the problem of universals? By denying these particular features of God, a more accurate image of him emerges. Concluding chapters take an enlightening look at speculative mysticism, and the work of Nicholas of Cusa, and medieval political philosophy. The analytic philosophers, being drawn to issues of language and logic, perceived the whole topic of death as being outside the proper study of philosophy since, in their view, it is hopelessly bound up with religion and metaphysics.

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